Subpart C – Goals, Good Faith Efforts, and Counting

  • Section 26.43 Set-asides or Quotas
  • Section 26.45 Overall Goals
  • Section 26.47 Failure to meet overall goals.
  • Section 26.49 (e) How are overall goals established for transit vehicle manufacturers?
  • Section 26.51(a-c) Breakout of Estimated Race-Neutral & Race-Conscious Participation
  • Section 26.51(d-g) Contract Goals
  • Section 26.53 Good Faith Efforts Procedures
  • Section 26.55 Counting DBE Participation

Section 26.43 Set-asides or Quotas

The [Recipient] does not use quotas in any way in the administration of this DBE program.

Section 26.45 Overall Goals

The [Recipient] will establish an overall DBE goal covering a three-year federal fiscal year period if we anticipate awarding DOT/FAA funded prime contracts the cumulative total value of which exceeds $250,000 during any one or more of the reporting fiscal years within the three-year goal period. In accordance with Section 26.45(f) the [ Recipient] will submit its Overall Three-year DBE Goal to FAA by August 1st as required by the established schedule below.

[Remove the information that does not apply to your location]

Airport Type

Region

Date Due

(Goal Period)

Next Goal Due

(Goal Period)

Large & Medium Hub Primary

All Regions

August 1, 2016

(2017/2018/2019)

August 1, 2019 (2020/2021/2022)

Small Hub Primary

All Regions

August 1, 2014

(2015/2016/2017)

August 1, 2017 (2018/2019/2020)

Non-Hub Primary

All Regions

August 1, 2015

(2016/2017/2018)

August 1, 2018 (2019/2010/2021)

Non-Primary

(GAs, Relievers and State DOTs)

Alaskan, Eastern, & Great Lakes

August 1, 2016

(2017/2018/2019)

August 1, 2019 (2020/2021/2022)

Non-Primary

(GAs, Relievers and State DOTs)

New England, Northwest Mountain, & Southern

August 1, 2014

(2015/2016/2017)

August 1, 2017 (2018/2019/2020)

Non-Primary

(GAs, Relievers and State DOTs)

Central, Southwest, and Western-Pacific

August 1, 2015

(2016/2017/2018)

August 1, 2018 (2019/2020/2021)


The DBE goals will be established in accordance with the 2-step process as specified in 49 CFR Part 26.45. If the [Recipient] does not anticipate awarding DOT/FAA funded prime contracts the cumulative total value of which exceeds $250,000 during any of the years within the three-year reporting period, we will not develop an overall goal; however, this DBE Program will remain in effect and the [ Recipient] will seek to fulfill the objectives outlined in 49 CFR Part 26.1.

(c) Step 1. The first step is to determine the relative availability of DBEs in the market area, “base figure”. We will use (enter the items you will use, you may select DBE Directories and Census Bureau Data, a Bidders List, a Disparity Study, the goal of another DOT recipient or other alternative method, see notes below) as a method to determine our base figure. The second step is to adjust the “base figure” percentage from Step 1 so that it reflects as accurately as possible the DBE participation the recipient would expect in the absence of discrimination based on past participation, a disparity study and/or information about barriers to entry to past competitiveness of DBEs on Contracts.

If we use a bidders list, we will do the following: Determine the number of DBEs that have bid or quoted (successful and unsuccessful) on your DOT-assisted prime contracts or subcontracts in the past three years. Determine the number of all businesses that have bid or quoted (successful and unsuccessful) on prime or subcontracts in the same time period. Divide the number of DBE bidders and quoters by the number of all businesses to derive a base figure for the relative availability of DBEs in your market. When using this approach, we will establish a mechanism (documented in our goal submission) to directly capture data on DBE and non-DBE prime and subcontractors that submitted bids or quotes on our DOT-assisted contracts.

Any methodology we choose will be based on demonstrable evidence of local market conditions and be designed to ultimately attain a goal that is rationally related to the relative availability of DBEs in our market. We understand that the exclusive use of a list of prequalified contractors or plan holders, or a bidders list that does not comply with the requirements of paragraph (c)(2) of this section (above), is not an acceptable alternative means of determining the availability of DBEs.

(d) Step 2. Once we have calculated a base figure, we will examine all of the evidence available in our jurisdiction to determine what adjustment, if any, is needed to the base figure to arrive at our overall goal. If the evidence does not suggest an adjustment is necessary, then no adjustment shall be made.

26.45 (g)(1) In establishing the overall goal, the [Recipient] will provide for consultation and publication. This includes consultation with minority, women’s and general contractor groups, community organizations, and other officials or organizations which could be expected to have information concerning the availability of disadvantaged and non-disadvantaged businesses, the effects of discrimination on opportunities for DBEs, and the [Recipients] efforts to establish a level playing field for the participation of DBEs. The consultation will include a scheduled, direct, interactive exchange (e.g., a face-to-face meeting, video conference, teleconference) with as many interested stakeholders as possible focused on obtaining information relevant to the [Recipient’s] goal setting process, and it will occur before we are required to submit our goal methodology to the operating administration for review pursuant to paragraph (f) of this section. We will document in our goal submission the consultation process that we engaged in. Notwithstanding paragraph (f)(4) of this section, we will not implement our proposed goal until we have complied with this requirement.

[Note: The persons or groups with whom this consultation occurred should be listed specifically in the goal calculation attachment.]

In addition, the [Recipient] will publish a notice announcing our proposed overall goal before submission to the operating administration on August 1st. The notice will be posted on our official internet web site and may be posted in any other sources (e.g., minority-focused media, trade association publications). If the proposed goal changes following review by the operating administration, the revised goal will be posted on our official internet web site. We will inform the public that the proposed overall goal and its rationale are available for inspection during normal business hours at our principal office and that the [Recipient] and DOT/FAA will accept comments on the goals for 30 days from the date of the notice. Notice of the comment period will include the addresses to which comments may be sent (including offices and websites) where the proposal may be reviewed. The public comment period will not extend the August 1 st deadline.

[The names of the media used and the category of the media should be listed specifically in the goal calculation attachment.]

Our Overall Three-Year DBE Goal submission to DOT/FAA will include a summary of information and comments received, if any, during this public participation process and our responses.

We will begin using our overall goal on October 1 of the reporting period, unless we have received other instructions from DOT.

Section 26.45 (e) - Project Goals

If permitted or required by the FAA Administrator we will express our overall goals as a percentage of funds for a particular grant or project or group of grants and/or projects, including entire projects. Like other overall goals, a project goal may be adjusted to reflect changed circumstances, with the concurrence of the appropriate operating administration. A project goal is an overall goal, and must meet all the substantive and procedural requirements of this section pertaining to overall goals. A p roject goal covers the entire length of the project to which it applies. The project goal should include a projection of the DBE participation anticipated to be obtained during each fiscal year covered by the project goal. The funds for the project to which the project goal pertains are separated from the base from which your regular overall goal, applicable to contracts not part of the project covered by a project goal, is calculated.

If we establish a goal on a project basis, we will begin using our goal by the time of the first solicitation for a DOT-assisted contract for the project.

Section 26.45(f) - Prior Operating Administration Concurrent

The [Recipient] understands that we are not required to obtain prior operating administration concurrence with our overall goal. However, if the operating administration’s review suggests that our overall goal has not been correctly calculated or that our method for calculating goals is inadequate, the operating administration may, after consulting with us, adjust our overall goal or require that we do so. The adjusted overall goal is binding. In evaluating the adequacy or soundness of the methodology used to derive the overall goal, the U.S. DOT operating administration will be guided by the goal setting principles and best practices identified by the Department in guidance issued pursuant to § 26.9.

A description of the methodology to calculate the overall goal and the goal calculations can be found in Attachment ___ to this program.

Section 26.47 Failure to meet overall goals.

The [Recipient] will maintain an approved DBE Program and overall DBE goal, if applicable as well as administer our DBE Program in good faith to be considered to be in compliance with this part.

If the [Recipient] awards and commitments shown on our Uniform Report of Awards or Commitments and Payments at the end of any fiscal year are less than the overall goal applicable to that fiscal year, we will do the following in order to be regarded by the Department as implementing your DBE Program in good faith:

  1. Analyze in detail the reasons for the difference between the overall goal and our awards and commitments in that fiscal year;
  2. Establish specific steps and milestones to correct the problems we have identified in our analysis and to enable us to meet fully your goal for the new fiscal year;
    [Select a pplicable # 3, note that only CORE ( OEP) Airports a rerequired to submit the report].
  3. [Recipient] will submit, within 90 days of the end of the fiscal year, the analysis and corrective actions developed under paragraphs (c) (1) and (2) of this section to the FAA for approval.

  4. OR

  5. [Recipient] will prepare, within 90 days of the end of the fiscal year, the analysis and corrective actions developed under paragraph (c)(1) and (2) of this section. We will retain copy of analysis and corrective actions in records for a minimum of three years, and will make it available to FAA upon request.

Section 26.49 (e) How are overall goals established for transit vehicle manufacturers?

(If you are an FHWA or FAA recipient, you may, with FHWA or FAA approval, use the procedures of this section with respect to procurements of vehicles or specialized equipment. If you choose to do so, then the manufacturers of this equipment must meet the same requirements (including goal approval by FHWA or FAA) as transit vehicle manufacturers must meet in FTA-assisted procurements. See 26.49 (a) through (d)).

Section 26.51(a-c) Breakout of Estimated Race-Neutral & Race-Conscious Participation

(a) The [Recipient] will meet the maximum feasible portion of its overall goal by using race-neutral means of facilitating race-neutral DBE participation. Race-neutral DBE participation includes any time a DBE wins a prime contract through customary competitive procurement procedures or is awarded a subcontract on a prime contract that does not carry a DBE contract goal.

Race-neutral means include, but are not limited to the following:

  1. Arranging solicitations, times for the presentation of bids, quantities, specifications, and delivery schedules in ways that facilitate participation by DBEs and other small businesses and by making contracts more accessible to small businesses, by means such as those provided under §26.39 of this part.
  2. Providing assistance in overcoming limitations such as inability to obtain bonding or financing (e.g., by such means as simplifying the bonding process, reducing bonding requirements, eliminating the impact of surety costs from bids, and providing services to help DBEs, and other small businesses, obtain bonding and financing);
  3. Providing technical assistance and other services;
  4. Carrying out information and communications programs on contracting procedures and specific contract opportunities (e.g., ensuring the inclusion of DBEs, and other small businesses, on recipient mailing lists for bidders; ensuring the dissemination to bidders on prime contracts of lists of potential subcontractors; provision of information in languages other than English, where appropriate);
  5. Implementing a supportive services program to develop and improve immediate and long-term business management, record keeping, and financial and accounting capability for DBEs and other small businesses;
  6. Providing services to help DBEs, and other small businesses, improve long-term development, increase opportunities to participate in a variety of kinds of work, handle increasingly significant projects, and achieve eventual self-sufficiency;
  7. Establishing a program to assist new, start-up firms, particularly in fields in which DBE participation has historically been low;
  8. Ensuring distribution of your DBE directory, through print and electronic means, to the widest feasible universe of potential prime contractors; and
  9. Assisting DBEs, and other small businesses, to develop their capability to utilize emerging technology and conduct business through electronic media.

The breakout of estimated race-neutral and race-conscious participation can be found in Attachment ___ to this program.

[Note: If the recipient intends to use any race-conscious means of obtaining DBE participation other than contract goals, a section should be inserted here to describe the means it will implement as well as the reason supporting the recommendation.]

Section 26.51(d-g) Contract Goals

The [Recipient] will arrange solicitations, times for the presentation of bids, quantities, specifications, and delivery schedules in ways that facilitate participation by DBEs and other small businesses and by making contracts more accessible to small businesses, by means such as those provided under § 26.39.

If our approved projection under paragraph (c) of this section estimates that we can meet our entire overall goal for a given year through race-neutral means, we will implement our program without setting contract goals during that year, unless it becomes necessary in order meet our overall goal.

(Example to paragraph ( f) (1): Your overall goal for Year 1 is 12 percent. You estimate that you can obtain 12 percent or more DBE participation through the use of race-neutral measures, without any use of contract goals. In this case, you do not set any contract goals for the contracts that will be performed in Year 1. However, if part way through Year 1, your DBE awards or commitments are not at a level that would permit you to achieve your overall goal for Year 1, you could begin setting race-conscious DBE contract goals during the remainder of the year as part of your obligation to implement your program in good faith).

We will establish contract goals only on those DOT-assisted contracts that have subcontracting possibilities. We need not establish a contract goal on every such contract, and the size of contract goals will be adapted to the circumstances of each such contract (e.g., type and location of work, availability of DBEs to perform the particular type of work).

We will express our contract goals as a percentage of [the total amount of a DOT-assisted contract] OR [the Federal share of a D OT-assisted contract].

[Note: Recipients can choose either approach; program should mention which choice the recipient made].

Section 26.53 Good Faith Efforts Procedures

Demonstration of good faith efforts (26.53(a) & (c))

The obligation of the bidder/offeror is to make good faith efforts. The bidder/offeror can demonstrate that it has done so either by meeting the contract goal or documenting good faith efforts. Examples of good faith efforts are found in Appendix A to Part 26.

[Name an d title] is responsible for determining whether a bidder/offeror who has not met the contract goal has documented sufficient good faith efforts to be regarded as [Responsive OR Responsible]. [Note: Recipients can choose either approach but should match statement selected on 26.53(b) below].

We will ensure that all information is complete and accurate and adequately documents the bidder/offeror’s good faith efforts before we commit to the performance of the contract by the bidder/offeror.

Information to be submitted (26.53(b))

In our solicitations for DOT/FAA-assisted contracts for which a contract goal has been established, we will require the following:

  1. Award of the contract will be conditioned on meeting the requirements of this section;
  2. All bidders or offerors will be required to submit the following information to the recipient, at the time provided in paragraph (b)(3) of this section:
    1. The names and addresses of DBE firms that will participate in the contract;
    2. A description of the work that each DBE will perform. To count toward meeting a goal, each DBE firm must be certified in a NAICS code applicable to the kind of work the firm would perform on the contract;
    3. The dollar amount of the participation of each DBE firm participating; (iv) Written documentation of the bidder/offeror’s commitment to use a DBE subcontractor whose participation it submits to meet a contract goal; and
    4. ) Written confirmation from each listed DBE firm that it is participating in the contract in the kind and amount of work provided in the prime contractor’s commitment.
    5. If the contract goal is not met, evidence of good faith efforts (see Appendix A of this part). The documentation of good faith efforts must include copies of each DBE and non-DBE subcontractor quote submitted to the bidder when a non-DBE subcontractor was selected over a DBE for work on the contract; and
  3. We will require that the bidder/offeror present the information required by paragraph (b)(2) of this section: [Select either responsiveness or responsible option]

Under sealed bid procedures, as a matter of responsiveness, or with initial proposals, under contract negotiation procedures;

OR,

No later than 7 days after bid opening as a matter of responsibility. The 7 days shall be reduced to 5 days beginning January 1, 2017.

Provided that, in a negotiated procurement, including a design-build procurement, the bidder/offeror may make a contractually binding commitment to meet the goal at the time of bid submission or the presentation of initial proposals but provide the information required by paragraph (b)(2) of this section before the final selection for the contract is made by the recipient.

Administrative reconsideration (26.53(d))

Within __ business days [The number of days, consider no more than 7 days here due to the fact that administrative reconsideration must be offered before awarding the contract.] of being informed by [Recipient] that it is not [responsive or responsible] because it has not documented sufficient good faith efforts, a bidder/offeror may request administrative reconsideration. Bidder/offerors should make this request in writing to the following reconsideration official: [provide name, address, phone number, e-mail address]. The reconsideration official will not have played any role in the original determination that the bidder/offeror did not document sufficient good faith efforts.

As part of this reconsideration, the bidder/offeror will have the opportunity to provide written documentation or argument concerning the issue of whether it met the goal or made adequate good faith efforts to do so. The bidder/offeror will have the opportunity to meet in person with our reconsideration official to discuss the issue of whether it met the goal or made adequate good faith efforts to do. We will send the bidder/offeror a written decision on reconsideration, explaining the basis for finding that the bidder did or did not meet the goal or make adequate good faith efforts to do so. The result of the reconsideration process is not administratively appealable to the Department of Transportation.

[Note If there is more de tailed reconsideration procedures, the recipient can include them here or in an attachment referenced here.]

Good Faith Efforts procedures in situations when there are contract goals (26.53(f)(g))

We will include in each prime contract a provision stating:

The contractor shall utilize the specific DBEs listed to perform the work and supply the materials for which each is listed unless the contractor obtains your written consent as provided in this paragraph 26.53(f); and

That, unless our consent is provided under this paragraph 26.53(f), the contractor shall not be entitled to any payment for work or material unless it is performed or supplied by the listed DBE.

We will require the contractor that is awarded the contract to make available upon request a copy of all DBE subcontracts. The subcontractor shall ensure that all subcontracts or an agreement with DBEs to supply labor or materials require that the subcontract and all lower tier subcontractors be performed in accordance with this part’s provisions.

In this situation, we will require the prime contractor to obtain our prior approval of the substitute DBE and to provide copies of new or amended subcontracts, or documentation of good faith efforts.

We will require that a prime contractor not terminate a DBE subcontractor listed in response to paragraph (b)(2) of this section (or an approved substitute DBE firm) without our prior written consent. This includes, but not limited to, instances in which a prime contractor seeks to perform work originally designated for a DBE subcontractor with its own forces or those of an affiliate, a non-DBE firm, or with another DBE firm.

We will provide such written consent only if we agree, for reasons stated in our concurrence document, that the prime contractor has good cause to terminate the DBE firm. For purposes of this paragraph, good cause includes the following circumstances:

  1. The listed DBE subcontractor fails or refuses to execute a written contract;
  2. The listed DBE subcontractor fails or refuses to perform the work of its subcontract in a way consistent with normal industry standards. Provided however, that good cause does not exist if the failure or refusal of the DBE subcontractor to perform its work on the subcontract results from the bad faith or discriminatory action of the prime contractor;
  3. The listed DBE subcontractor fails or refuses to meet the prime contractor’s reasonable, non-discriminatory bond requirements.
  4. The listed DBE subcontractor becomes bankrupt, insolvent, or exhibits credit unworthiness;
  5. The listed DBE subcontractor is ineligible to work on public works projects because of suspension and debarment proceedings pursuant to 2 CFR Parts 180, 215 and 1,200 or applicable state law;
  6. We have determined that the listed DBE subcontractor is not a responsible contractor;
  7. The listed DBE subcontractor voluntarily withdraws from the project and provides to us written notice of its withdrawal;
  8. The listed DBE is ineligible to receive DBE credit for the type of work required;
  9. A DBE owner dies or becomes disabled with the result that the listed DBE contractor is unable to complete its work on the contract;
  10. Other documented good cause that we have determined compels the termination of the DBE subcontractor. Provided, that good cause does not exist if the prime contractor seeks to terminate a DBE it relied upon to obtain the contract so that the prime contractor can self-perform the work for which the DBE contractor was engaged or so that the prime contractor can substitute another DBE or non-DBE contractor after contract award.

Before transmitting to us its request to terminate and/or substitute a DBE subcontractor, the prime contractor must give notice in writing to the DBE subcontractor, with a copy to us, of its intent to request to terminate and/or substitute, and the reason for the request.

The prime contractor must give the DBE five days to respond to the prime contractor’s notice and advise us and the contractor of the reasons, if any, why it objects to the proposed termination of its subcontract and why we should not approve the prime contractor’s action. If required in a particular case as a matter of public necessity (e.g., safety), we may provide a response period shorter than five days.

In addition to post-award terminations, the provisions of this section apply to pre-award deletions of or substitutions for DBE firms put forward by offerors in negotiated procurements.

[Note: Include the administrative remedies you will use for noncompliance (see 26.53(f)(3)). The following two sentences are examples of such remedies.]

The [Recipient] will require a contractor to make good faith efforts to replace a DBE that is terminated or has otherwise failed to complete its work on a contract with another certified DBE. These good faith efforts shall be directed at finding another DBE to perform at least the same amount of work under the contract as the DBE that was terminated, to the extent needed to meet the contract goal that we established for the procurement. The good faith efforts shall be documented by the contractor. If we request documentation from the contractor under this provision, the contractor shall submit the documentation to us within 7 days, which may be extended for an additional 7 days if necessary at the request of the contractor, and the recipient shall provide a written determination to the contractor stating whether or not good faith efforts have been demonstrated.

We will include in each prime contract the contract clause required by § 26.13(b) stating that failure by the contractor to carry out the requirements of this part is a material

breach of the contract and may result in the termination of the contract or such other remedies set forth in that section that we deem appropriate if the prime contractor fails to comply with the requirements of this section.

If the contractor fails or refuses to comply in the time specified, our contracting office will issue an order stopping all or part of payment/work until satisfactory action has been taken. If the contractor still fails to comply, the contracting officer may issue a termination for default proceeding.

Sample Bid Specification :

The requirements of 49 CFR Part 26, Regulations of the U.S. Department of Transportation, apply to this contract. It is the policy of the [Recipient] to practice nondiscrimination based on race, color, sex, or national origin in the award or performance of this contract. All firms qualifying under this solicitation are encouraged to submit bids/proposals. Award of this contract will be conditioned upon satisfying the requirements of this bid specification. These requirements apply to all bidders/offerors, including those who qualify as a DBE. A DBE contract goal of __ percent [as determined in the goal calculation Attachment _ _] has been established for this contract. The bidder/offeror shall make good faith efforts, as defined in Appendix A, 49 CFR Part 26 (attachment 1), to meet the contract goal for DBE participation in the performance of this contract.

The bidder/offeror will be required to submit the following information: (1) the names and addresses of DBE firms that will participate in the contract; (2) a description of the work that each DBE firm will perform. To count toward meeting a goal, each DBE firm must be certified in a NAICS code applicable to the kind of work the firm would perform on the contract; (3) the dollar amount of the participation of each DBE firm participating; (4) Written documentation of the bidder/offeror’s commitment to use a DBE subcontractor whose participation it submits to meet the contract goal; and (5) Written confirmation from each listed DBE firm that it is participating in the contract in the kind and amount of work provided in the prime contractor’s commitment; (6) if the contract goal is not met, evidence of good faith efforts.

[Note: When a contract goal is established pursuant to the recipient’s DBE program, the sample bid specification can be used to notify bidders/offerors of the requirements to make good faith efforts. The forms found in Attachment___ can be used to collect information necessary to determine whether the bidder/offeror has satisfied these requirements. The sample specification is intended for use in both non-construction and construction contracts for which a contract goal has been established. Thus, it can be included in invitations for bid for construction, in requests for proposals for architectural/engineering and other professional services, and in other covered solicitation documents. A bid specification is required only when a contract goal is established.]

Section 26.55 Counting DBE Participation

We will count DBE participation toward overall and contract goals as provided in 49 CFR 26.55. We will not count the participation of a DBE subcontract toward a contractor’s final compliance with its DBE obligations on a contract until the amount being counted has actually been paid to the DBE.

If the firm is not currently certified as a DBE in accordance with the standards of subpart D of this part at the time of the execution of the contract, we will not count the firm’s participation toward any DBE goals, except as provided for in 26.87(j).



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