Introduction SCA Compliance

Introduction

Service Contract Act (SCA) wage determinations set forth the prevailing wages and benefits that are to be paid to service employees working on covered contracts exceeding $2,500.

Wages

  1. Wages are the monetary compensation provided employees. The minimum monetary wages required under the SCA are usually listed in wage determinations applied to covered contracts exceeding $2,500, as hourly wage rates for the various classes of service employees. 29 C.F.R. § 4.161.
  2. Where no SCA wage determination applies to a covered service contract, such as those valued at $2,500 or less, the SCA requires payment of not less than the minimum wage under section 6(a)(1) of the FLSA to service employees engaged in contract work. 29 C.F.R. § 4.159.
  3. If an employee works in different capacities in the performance of a covered contract, then the time the employee spends in work in each classification should be segregated and paid according to the wage rate specified for each class of work. If the contractor cannot provide affirmative proof (employer records) of the hours spent in each class of work, then the contractor must pay the employee the highest of such rates in the applicable wage determination for all hours worked in the workweek. 29 C.F.R. § 4.169.
  4. Workers with disabilities and apprentices that meet certain criteria may work on SCA-covered contracts at wage rates below those contained in the applicable SCA wage determination pursuant to section 4(b) of the SCA. 29 C.F.R. §§ 4.6(o) - 4.6(p).

Fringe Benefits

  1. As provided in section 2(a)(2) of the SCA, fringe benefits include:
    1. [M]edical or hospital care, pensions on retirement or death, compensation for injuries or illness resulting from occupational activity, or insurance to provide any of the foregoing, unemployment benefits, life insurance, disability and sickness insurance, accident insurance, vacation and holiday pay, costs of apprenticeship or other similar programs and other bona fide fringe benefits not otherwise required by Federal, State, or local law to be provided by the contractor or subcontractor. 29 C.F.R. § 4.162.
  2. Fringe benefits listed above are illustrative of those that may be furnished.

Two Separate Requirements - Monetary Wages and Fringe Benefits

  1. The monetary wage requirement and the fringe benefit requirement are two separate requirements in the SCA. SCA §§ 2(a)(1) and 2(a)(2).
  2. SCA wage determinations generally state the fringe benefit requirements after the listing of monetary wage rates that apply to each classification of service employee.
  3. The fringe benefits required under the SCA must be furnished, separately from and in addition to the specified monetary wages, by the contractor/subcontractor to the employees engaged in the performance of a covered contract. 29 C.F.R. § 4.170.
  4. A contractor must keep appropriate records separately showing amounts paid for wages and amounts paid for fringe benefits. 29 C.F.R. § 4.170.


Consulting Services We Provide

  • Review public works preconstruction contracts
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  • Audit labor classification for each worker employed
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  • Review DIR Fringe Benefits Statement PW-26
  • Monitor DIR wage determinations
  • Audit fringe benefits allowances
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  • Audit DIR travel & subsistence requirements
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  • Federal FAA AIP Goal Setting
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  • DIR Civil Wage Penalty Review
  • Local-Hire Review (e.g., San Francisco)
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